To respond to the need for technical assistance and guidance for countries to develop REDD+ MRV systems, the overall aim is to provide learning and teaching material to enable countries to develop capacities and implement REDD+ monitoring and reporting. The materials were developed based on existing good practice guidance on REDD+ related forest monitoring; in particular on technical material provided in the GOFC-GOLD Sourcebook.
The materials were developed by building upon the international GOFC-GOLD expert network and have undergone an independent review process that resulted in a consolidated set of training materials that is ready for use.
Intended use and audience
The training materials are intended for different actors involved in capacity development, such as international agencies, donors, country experts, consultants and researchers and can be used in combination and complementary to available guidance documents (i.e. GOFC-GOLD Sourcebook, GFOI MGD, FCMC MRV manual). The materials are self-explanatory and can also be used by individuals who wish to learn more about a certain tropic. Materials are available in English, French, and Spanish.
The 14 modules of the training material for REDD+ monitoring and reporting based on the GOFC-GOLD Sourcebook comprise 700 lecture slides, 28 country examples, 28 exercises, and more (support documents, notes, references).
Module updates are now available (17 Feb., 2017).
The complete set of training materials is available here in ENGLISH, FRENCH, and SPANISH:
The Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF) of the World Bank, co-developer of the materials, hosts also the training materials. Click here to visit their webpage.
Policies and mechanisms for implementing REDD+ are under discussion by the UNFCCC in the process of long-term collaborative action (LCA). Among other things, the UNFCCC text, which deals with the technical issues, refers to the need to establish monitoring systems that use an appropriate combination of remote sensing and ground-based forest carbon inventory approaches with a focus on estimating anthropogenic forest-related greenhouse gas emissions by sources, removals by sinks, forest carbon stocks and forest area changes. All estimates should be transparent, consistent, as accurate as possible and should reduce uncertainties, as far as national capabilities and capacities permit. It is further indicated that these monitoring systems and their results will be open to independent review as agreed by the Conference of the Parties (COP). Currently few countries have the capacity needed for measuring, monitoring and reporting for REDD+ and many countries require serious investments in capacities development before they will be ready to fully participate in an international system that provides performance-based compensation. Any activities for developing an MRV system for REDD+ activities will need to take into account:
International requirements for MRV:
Activities should be guided by the principles and procedures for estimating and reporting carbon emissions and removals at the national level as set out in the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Good Practice Guidelines and Guidance for reporting at the international level.
Countries need to track drivers of deforestation and activities affecting forest carbon and measure their impact on carbon emissions and removals as part of a national strategy and a sub-national implementation scheme. The national REDD+ implementation strategy will vary per country, as different activities have different implications for MRV.
The existing national capacity for MRV:
A roadmap for capacity development needs to be based on an assessment of the gap between the existing national forest monitoring system and the requirements of a REDD+ MRV system; and
A roadmap for capacity development needs to elaborate steps to set up an effective, efficient and sustainable institutional and implementation framework for:
measuring and monitoring at different levels,
supporting national policies and REDD+ actions,
international reporting and verification, and
linking MRV of actions and MRV of transactions.
With these requirements in mind, the key issue for the coming years in REDD monitoring is to build sustained capacities in developing countries. Such capacity building efforts are usually long-term processes that follow a set of phases and should aim to fill series of gaps (data gaps, institutional gaps, eligibility gaps, methods gaps, etc.).
Design of training materials
To make the materials useful for different levels of knowledge and capacity needs, each module includes a lecture, concrete country examples and short tutorials or exercises to respond to the broad scope of capacity needs ranging from basic knowledge on the theoretical underpinnings to sharing practical experiences and understanding implications of monitoring choices and costs.
The training modules follow the outline of the GOFC-GOLD REDD+ Sourcebook. A set of fourteen modules under three main components are available:
REDD+ background and design
REDD+ measuring and monitoring
REDD+ assessment and reporting
To make the material useful for different levels of knowledge and capacity needs, the training and learning materials for each module include three main components as shown in the table. Materials are available in English, French, and Spanish.
Type of material
Target users for training
Introducing the background, relevance of topic; and providing an overview of possible methodological options and approaches.
Self-explanatory slideshow (Powerpoint) with annotations
REDD+ national and international policy makers, project managers and technical staff
Practical examples of successful implementation activities in developing country experiences presenting different national circumstances (i.e. low and high capacity countries, low and high deforestation rates, different drivers and different continents)
Martin Herold - Overall project leader
Brice Mora - Coordination and cooperation with different international experts and institutions
Erika Romijn - Coordination of the technical and organizational implementation; the design, development and dissemination of the different training materials
A number of international experts in remote sensing and carbon measurement and accounting have contributed to the development of the training materials and are thankfully acknowledged for their support (in alphabetical order by institute):
The development team included: Suvi Monni (Benviroc), Frédéric Achard, Giacomo Grassi, Andreas Langner, Jukka Miettinen, Yosio Shimabukuro (European Commission, Joint Research Center), Carlos Souza (Imazon), Luigi Boschetti (University of Idaho), Arturo Balderas Torres, Margaret Skutsch (Universidad Nacional Autónoma de Mexico), Martin Herold, Brice Mora, Veronique De Sy, Erika Romijn (Wageningen University), Sandra Brown, Felipe Casarim, Lara Murray (Winrock International).
The independent reviewers included: Naikoa Aguilar-Amuchastegui, Valerio Avitabile, Veronique De Sy, Sandro Federici, Carly Green, Inge Jonckheere, Ben de Jong, Gabrielle Kissinger, Pham Manh Cuong, Ron McRoberts, Anthea Mitchel, Jim Penman, Rosa Maria Roman Cuesta, Arief Wijaya, Sylvia Wilson